By definition the gyroplane is an aircraft that achieves lift by a free spinning rotor.

Gyroplanes and helicopters are very interesting rotorcraft, furthermore they are capable of different and specific manoeuvring and uses if compared with fix wing aircrafts. Both, gyro and helicopter, receive the lift they need for flying from their rotating wing. This common characteristic [the rotor] makes it difficult for many people to see the difference between them being their appearance pretty similar for the laity. This confusion between the two kinds of rotorcrafts has been enhanced by the reduced spread of gyroplanes compared to helicopters.

Gyroplane advantages:

  1. Short take-off (300 ft) and landing (0 to 30 ft).

  2. Easy to fly

  3. Fun to fly

  4. Unique maneuverability

  5. Stability and insensitivity to turbulence

  6. Slow airspeed ability (25 kt)

  7. No stall. No spin.

  8. Structural ruggedness

  9. Low operating cost (maintenance, fuel consumption).

In gyroplanes there is no power transmission to the rotor during flight, it is easy to see this: gyroplanes do not have anti-torque devices as tail rotor to balance main power-driven rotor torque.

The only power transmission system is the prerotator. This system is meant and needed just to spin-up the rotor to a minimum number of rpm so to allow take-off, it is then disengaged and no more used during the flight.

Lift is given by autorotation granted by the air flowing up through the blades (Fig. 1). This condition is allowed by the degree of liberty of movement of the rotor head – and so of the rotor disc – along lateral axis. This laying allows the correct passing through of the airflow in all allowed flight condition within gyroplane flight envelope.


Relative wind


of attack



Magni Gyro Canada